Figs Farming – How to Grow, Prune and Harvest Figs

Figs Farming - How to Grow, Prune and Harvest Figs

Figs are one of the sweetest fruits. It can be purple, green, yellow or white, depending on the variety. In addition, the flesh can range in colour from gold to deep red. When cooked, the moist flesh is very sweet, and the skin is edible. Figs Farming are mostly trouble-free and easy to develop. They thrive best where summers are long and hot winters are mild, but figs will grow with protection in cooler regions.

These are easy to grow in containers. Figs Farming love crowded roots; Crowded roots can enhance fruit production. Even in the coldest winter areas, figs in containers can be put outside in the summer and be brought indoors in the winter.

Best Climate and Site for Growing Figs

  • Figs Farming grow unprotected in zones 8 through 10 and in protected areas north of zone 6. In regions of cold winters, grow figs in a container that you move indoors over the winter.
  • Select the appropriate variety for your climate and contact your nearest cooperative extension service for a recommendation on fig varieties grown in your area.
  • You can grow the plant in full sun. Then, in cool summer areas, plant figs near a protected south-facing wall, which collects solar heat during the day & releases it out at night.
  • Choose a place protected from strong winds. Avoid low places where cold air or frost can accumulate. Young trees can be frost-injured and should be protected.
  • Farmers can grow figs in a wide range of garden soils. Well-drained soil well in loam is optimal.
  • You should grow figs where the soil pH is between 5.5 and 8.0. If the soil is too salty or alkaline, the leaf tips will burn.
  • Keep the soil moist for a rich fruit set and yield. Mature fig trees can tolerate drought but still require some irrigation.

Spacing Figs

A full-sized fig can grow to be 20 feet or taller. Space plants 25 feet apart. Fig trees can grow up to 1 foot each year, but they can be shortened.  Farmers can grow the figs tree in containers 5 to 10 feet tall with annual pruning.

Planting Figs

  • As soon as plant figs in springs, the soil is workable. Plant or wait before hot, dry weather arrives and plant later in the fall.
  • You should prepare the planting site in full sun that is protected from the prevailing wind or wind.
  • Add well-rotted manure to the soil & add one cup of fertilizer to the bottom of the hole.
  • Again dig a pit half as deep and twice as wide as the roots of the tree.
  • Attach a tree stake (or support wire for a fan) before planting. Drive the stake in the ground at least 2 feet deep to the edge of the hole.
  • Arrange the tree in the space, then the soil mark on the stem from the container is level, including the surface of the surrounding soil. (Remove all twine and burlap from bold and Burlapped trees.) Next, spread the roots out in all directions.
  • Refill the hole with partial native soil and half old compost or commercial organic planting mix. Be firm in the soil so that there are no air pockets between the roots. Build a slight clay basin around the trunk to keep the soil in the water and water at the watering time.
  • Fertilize with a high-phosphorus liquid and water each tree thoroughly after planting.
  • To limit the size of the fig tree, plant the tree in a container submerged in soil; This will intentionally restrict root growth and, in turn, limit the size of the tree.

Container Growing Figs

Farmers can grow figs in large containers. Fig farming doesn’t mind restricted roots. It will thrive and produce more fruit when the seeds are tied to the pot. We prefer a container at least 18 inches wide and high. In colder regions, plant in containers that can be moved indoors over the winter.

Training Fig Trees

Train a free-standing fig tree to an expansive centre with a balanced structure of lateral branches.

First-year –

Select 3 or 4 well-spaced main sides and cut each back in half; Cut off the buds that face out. Next, cut the central leader just above the top side.

Second-year – 

The sides selected in the previous year will now have new growth called sub-laterals. Choose 3 or 4 of each and halve them; Also remove all weak, congested crossings. And shoots grow from the main stem where the organ structure is not established.

Later Years

Cutaway dead, damaged or diseased wood; Thin dense wood allows sunlight and air to reach the tree’s centre. Go back to the tree to control the height.

Fig Farming requires the most important type of equipment, which plays a major role in agro-processing. Equipment, harvesters and tractors are the major ones in cauliflower cultivation; Hence, we recommend the Farmtrac 45 Tractor.

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