Mango Farming Methods and Requirements for Better Production

Mango Farming

Mango is the king of fruits, and farmers have cultivated them from old times in India. This fruit is a rich source of Vitamin C and A. The leaves are also used as fodder, and wood is used for making furniture. And people make chutney and pickles from unripened fruits. But, on the other hand, they use ripened fruits for eating or making syrups, jam and jelly. Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka, West Bengal, Bihar, UP, Haryana, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Gujarat are the prime producers of mangoes. 

How to Do Mango Farming

You to fulfil some requirements for mango farming and give proper climate and soil conditions to get a healthy yield. 

Climate Requirements

The temperature between 22°C – 27°C is ideal for mango farming. And for sowing purposes, the temperature must be 20°C – 22°C. Moreover, the rainfall must be 50 – 80 mm so the plants can grow in a healthy way. Lastly, the temperature between 28°C – 30°C is ideal for harvesting the fruits. So, when you cultivate the mangoes, think about the climate requirements. 

Soil Requirements

A wide variety of soils are useful for mango farming, but deep soil without any hardpan up to 4 feet depth is ideal. The soil pH level must be less than 8.5%. You have to plough the land with the help of excellent tractors to get a fine tilth. Remember, tractor tyres like Apollo Tractor Tyre can increase the performance of the tractor. So, use good quality of tyres. 

Popular Varieties 

You can see several varieties of mango in India. Among all the types, we are with some of them with their yield. Let’s know them. 

  • Dusheri – Widely grown in a region, ready to harvest in the first week of July, small to medium size fruits, smooth and yellow fruits, small size stone and taste is sweet, better keeping quality, regular bearing crop, an average yield of 150 kg fruits per tree
  • Langra – Medium to large size fruits, smooth and lemon yellow fruits, fibreless flesh, medium thick skin, ready to harvest in the second week of July, an average yield of 100 kg per plant
  • Alphonso – Great export potential, medium and oval size fruits, fruits are greenish light yellow and with a light pinkish blush, superb tasty fibreless flesh, mature in first week of July
  • Gangian Sandhuri (GN-19) – Matures in the fourth week of July, contains 15.7% sugar and 0.30% sour, an average yield of 80 kg per tree
  • Mallika – Hybrid variety 
  • Amrapali – Hybrid variety
  • Ratna – Hybrid variety
  • Arka Arjun – Hybrid variety
  • Arka Puneet – Hybrid variety
  • Sindhu – Hybrid variety
  • Manjeera – Hybrid variety
  • Arka Anmol – Hybrid variety
  • Alphonso
  • Bombay Green
  • Dashahari
  • Himsagar
  • Kesar
  • Neelum
  • Chausa, etc.

Land Preparation

You have to apply ploughing, cross ploughing and then levelling for preparing the soil for mango farming. Take care that water should not store in the field. After levelling, apply one ploughing with the help of a good tractor. And don’t forget to give an excellent grip to the tractor with good quality tyres like CEAT Tractor Tyre and others. After these operations, divide the land into blocks. You have to keep space according to place. 

Sowing

You should do plantation in August – September also in February – March. And also, it is beneficial when you do plantation in cool hours of the evening. Also, protect the crop from high wind. Keep the space 9m x 9m and dig the 1x1x1m pits. Square and hexagonal are the best methods for planting. 

Irrigation 

Irrigation amount and intervals depend upon soil type, climate conditions and irrigation source. Light and frequent irrigation is suitable for young plants as light irrigation always shows the best results. On the other hand, flood irrigation can not give the optimum results. In summers, provide irrigation at intervals of 5 to 7 days. Moreover, keep the difference 25 to 30 days for it in winters. The fruit-bearing and growth stages are critical for irrigation. After spreading fertilisers, give one light irrigation. 

Plant Protection

Pest and their control:

  • Mealy Bug – Spray Acephate @ 2gm/Ltr or Spirotetramat @ 3ml/Ltr of water
  • Mango Hopper – Spray Cypermethrin 25EC @ 3ml or Fenvelarate20EC @ 5ml or Deltamethrin 28EC @ 9ml or Neembicidine 1000ppm @ 20ml in 10Ltr water
  • Mango Fruit Fly – Spray of Chlorpyrifos 20EC @ 2ml/Ltr of water

Disease and their control:

  • Powdery Mildew – Spray of 178% Imidacloprid @ 3ml along with Hexaconzole @ 5ml  or Carbendazim @ 10gm or Tridemorph @ 5ml/10Ltr of water
  • Stem Borer – Insert cotton swab dip in a mixture of Kerosene and Chlorpyriphos in a ratio of 50:50
  • Anthracnose or Dieback – Spray Bordeaux mixture @ 10gm/Ltr of water
  • Black Tip – Spray of Borax @ 6gm/ltr of water + Copper Oxychloride @ 3gm/Ltr of water

Harvesting

You can check the maturity when fruits change their colour. Fruits take 15 to 16 weeks after the set to mature. You have to pick individual fruits with the help of bamboo with a sharp knife. Use a net, so fruits can not be broken. After harvesting, you should sort and grade fruits according to size and colour. After shorting, pack them in the wooden boxes. 

Just wait for our next blog. Then, we will tell you about other fruit growing technics. So, till then, stay healthy and fit. 

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