Pigeon Pea Cultivation Methods and Requirements in India
Need to do Pigeon Pea cultivation? Read this blog.
Tur is one of the superb pulses yields, and it is rich in Protein. Tropical and semitropical reasons are fantastic for Pigeon Pea development. The Tur is the main pulse harvest of semi-parched and rain-fed tropics. Besides, you can develop it as a single or intermix with grains. The symbiotic nitrogen obsession of Tur advances the dirt. The most Pigeon Pea growing states are Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, MP, Maharashtra and UP in India.
Pigeon Pea Cultivation Methods and Requirements
In Pigeon Pea Cultivation, you need to deal with specific prerequisites. Along these lines, you have to satisfy the conditions of this cultivation, and you will get more production.
You can develop Pigeon Pea at any temperature of 15°C to 18°C. Then, the most elevated temperature for Tur cultivating should be 30°C to 35°C. The rain required for this cultivating is 600 to 650 mm. What’s more, the sowing activity is best at a temperature of 25° to 33°C. Aside from this, you gathered the yield at a temperature of 35°C to 40°C for a superior and sound outcome.
Various soils are reasonable for Pigeon Pea Cultivation. In any case, if you develop Pigeon Pea in prolific and loamy soils, it can give you the best outcomes. Skip doing its development in saline-basic or waterlogged soils as these soils are unsuitable for its development. For significant growth, the pH level should be 6.5 to 7.5.
Famous Varieties and Yield
A few assortments of pigeon pea are developed in India. Therefore, we should know about them.
- AL-15: 5.5 QTL per acre of land
- AL 201: 6.2 QTL per acre of land
- PAU 881: 5.6 QTL per acre of land
- PPH 4: 7.2 to 8 QTL per acre of land
- UPAS-120: 6 to 8 QTL per acre of land
- AL 882: 5.4 QTL per acre of land
Other State Varieties
- ICPL 151 (Jagriti): 5 QTL per acre of land
- Pusa Ageti: 5 QTL per acre of land
- Pusa 84: Harvest in 140 to 150 days
- IPH 09-5: Hybrid
- IPA 203: Hybrid
One profound ploughing followed by a few harrowing for Pigeon Pea cultivation is reasonable to set up the land. After each ploughing, you should work on planking. Along these lines, you should purchase or rent a quality tractor like Powertrac Euro 47 to keep liberated from loss and additional costs. Also, to remain safe the yield from water logging conditions, you can set up a field where water stagnation can not happen. The appropriate crops for rotation are Arhar with Barley, Wheat, Sufed Senji or Sugarcane.
You should sow the Pigeon Pea ideal as sowing deferral can be unsafe to your yield creation and lead to yield misfortune. In this way, the second fortnight of May is a reasonable time for planting the crop. The distance for planting should be 25 cm between the plant and 50 cm between the lines. Aside from this, you should utilise a seed drill for planting the seeds in the ground. We recommend a decent quality seed drill and the most extravagant tractors like Powertrac 445 for the planting activities. It can save you from additional costs.
Besides, the planting depth should be 7 to 10 cm. You can plant the seed from the broadcasting. However, the line planting with the seed drill is more significant for Tur cultivating. Around 6 Kg seeds are adequate for one acre of land.
Apply first watering around 3 to 4 days after planting, and the other watering rely upon the precipitation. The most critical stages for watering are flower commencement and fruit set. Thus, you need to rinse the field for a good yield in these stages. Don’t unreasonably flood the area since it can prompt more vegetative development. Moreover, the development of the crop can be impacted if you flood the field after mid-September.
Pests and Diseases
To save it from different illnesses and pests, you should deal with your crop. To keep free your harvest from infections, we will tell you about certain chemical compounds, which are:
Pests and Their Control:
- Blister beetles: Spray of Indoxacarb 14.5SC @ 200ml or Deltamethrin 2.8EC @ 200ml/ acre of land
- Pod Borer: Spray of Indoxacarb Spinosad 45SC @ 60ml/100-125litres or 14.5SC @ 200ml/acre of land
Illness and Their Control:
- Cercospora leaf spot: Captan or [email protected]/ kg seed
- Wither: Spray 300 ml Propiconazole/ acre of land
- Ulcers: Spray of Mancozeb 75WP @ 2gm/ acre of land
- Sterility Mosaic: Spray of Fenazaquin 10% EC @ 300 ml per acre of land
- Phytophthora stem scourge: Spray with Metalaxyl 8%+Mancozeb 64% @ 2gm
At the point when fruits and leaves are of green tone, it is an appropriate time for reaping to collect for vegetative purposes. Also, you can collect for grain purposes when 75 to 80% of units are dry and brown. If you do postpone harvesting, it can harm the seeds. In the wake of cultivating, you need to keep the plants in the daylight for drying.
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